How to make a beam for a load bearing wall
Load-bearing walls supporting beams carry the load of the building above them and can not be removed without potentially damaging the structural integrity of your home. The beams are installed on top of a space formerly occupied by a bearing wall so that the wall can be removed safely and the space can be opened for use as a door, etc.. The process of making a beam in a bearing wall requires some carpentry skills, a few basic tools and a helper or two.
Measure the distance between the two ends of the bearing wall. Stretch the tape measure in between the jack bracket at each end of the wall. This will indicate the required length of the beam.
Cut a piece of pressure treated wood 2 by 12 inches (5 30, 4 cm ) to the extent that you have taken. Use the measuring tape and pencil to mark the wood and use the saw round to make the cut. Uses this cut as a guide beam and a second mark 2 by 12 inches (5 by 30, 4 cm ) to the same length. Use the saw move to cut this piece too.
Cut a piece of plywood 1/2 inch (1.2 cm) at the same size as the 2 by 12 inches (5 30, 4 cm ) that you cut in step 2. Uses measuring tape, pencil and the ruler to mark the wood, and the saw uses a circular to make the cuts.
Place one of your timber 2 by 12 inches (5 by 30, 4 cm ) with the flat side on the floor. Apply construction adhesive on one side of the plywood that you cut in step 3. Lay the plywood, with the sticky side down on the wooden 2 by 12 inches (5 30, 4 cm ). Apply construction adhesive to the other side of the plywood and timber rivets remaining 2 by 12 inches (5 30, 4 cm ) on it. Use your hammer and nails to hold the three pieces together digging through the pile of both sides.